The management research course is an introduction to the research process.


First, the scientific approach is introduced as a search for links between cause and effect. The search for hypotheses is then explained.

In a second, more quantitative step, two concrete approaches to research are presented. The first uses path analysis based on passively observed data. The second works on experimental data with active manipulation of contexts. The validation of hypotheses is finally taught through the free software R.


Students are then able to freely choose a subject and make hypotheses in an area that interests them. They collectively collect and process data, which may or may not validate these hypotheses.

A scientific presentation is then made with discussion of the results.


The approach thus learned is useful for future researchers but also for all management professions that require rigorous innovative thinking and freedom to make the right decisions.

Alexandre Steyer is Professor of Universities and director of the Master in International Strategy and Economic Intelligence. He is also the founder and former director of the PRISM research laboratory. After joining the ENS (Ecole Normale Supérieure) in Paris, Alexandre Steyer successively obtained a license, a master's degree in physics, a DEA in quantum physics as well as a doctorate in statistical physics (1991). Upon leaving the ENS, he joined the inter-ministerial body of telecommunications as an engineer and undertook, in parallel, a thesis in management sciences at HEC. The defense of his thesis, entitled "The theory of avalanches", earned him the 1993 HEC Foundation Prize. His research themes are Social Physics and Data Science.


Address : 

Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Gestion et Economie d'Entreprise

17, rue de la Sorbonne

75231 Paris Cedex 05

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